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🦁 NestJS on AWS Lambda: The Ultimate CDK Deployment Strategy for Monolithic APIs

TL;DR πŸ“š

  • Why is a Lambdalith strategy a excessive ROI selection for a lot of? πŸ’Έ
  • Discover ways to deploy a monolithic NestJS app on AWS Lambda utilizing Webpack and AWS CDK. πŸš€

The Lambdalith Edge for NestJS on AWS Lambda 🌟

🧠 A Lambdalith is a monolithic structure strategy for serverless functions the place a single AWS Lambda operate serves the whole API, fairly than deploying separate features for every endpoint.

Go for a Lambdalith and reap a number of advantages in your NestJS API:

  • Quicker Rollouts: Faster deployments and streamlined administration, regardless of your variety of routes.
  • Minimized Chilly Begins: Enhanced efficiency by extra frequent reuse of a single Lambda operate.
  • Simpler Logging: A single level for logs simplifies monitoring and alert setup.
  • Full NestJS Advantages: Absolutely exploit NestJS’s wealthy options and group assist.

Whereas a Lambdalith may imply lengthier chilly begins and broader management scopes, its effectivity, simplicity, and excessive return on funding are unmatched.

Monorepo construction πŸš§πŸ“¦: I strongly recommendation you embrace a monorepo construction, with a bundle in your API and a bundle in your infrastructure (CDK).

Setting Up the Infrastructure with AWS CDK πŸ—οΈ

AWS CDK transforms infrastructure into code. Kick issues off by putting in AWS CDK and initiating a TypeScript undertaking with cdk init app --language typescript.

Within the lib/my-stack.ts file, start with the core of your setup: the Lambda operate.

// LambdaNestStack in stack.ts
const apiNestHandlerFunction = new Perform(this, "ApiNestHandler", {
  code: Code.fromAsset("api/dist"), // πŸ‘ˆ That is essential
  runtime: Runtime.NODEJS_18_X,
  handler: "primary.handler",
  setting: {}, // πŸ‘ˆ You may want env variables
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Subsequent up, create a Relaxation API with a Lambda proxy at its root. This API Gateway acts because the visitors controller, directing all requests to your Lambda-powered NestJS app. All route paths will probably be directed to your single Lambda. πŸ—Ύ

const api = new RestApi(this, "Api", {
    deploy: true,
    defaultMethodOptions: {
    apiKeyRequired: true,

    defaultIntegration: new LambdaIntegration(apiNestHandlerFunction, { proxy: true }),

const apiKey = api.addApiKey("ApiKey"); // πŸ‘ˆ to ease your testing

const usagePlan = api.addUsagePlan("UsagePlan", {
    title: "UsagePlan",
    apiStages: [
        stage: api.deploymentStage,

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On this snippet, Code.fromAsset("api/dist") is essential. It factors to the placement of our bundled NestJS app, making certain environment friendly Lambda execution.

Prepping the NestJS App for Lambda 🦁

Begin by creating a brand new NestJS app with nest new api. Then, set up the @nestjs/platform-express and @vendia/serverless-express packages.
You now have a basic NestJS app, able to be tailored for AWS Lambda.

Subsequent to the primary.ts file, create a brand new lambda.ts file. This file would be the entry level of our Lambda operate.

// lambda.ts
import { NestFactory } from '@nestjs/core';
import { ExpressAdapter } from '@nestjs/platform-express';
import serverlessExpress from '@vendia/serverless-express';
import { Context, Handler } from 'aws-lambda';
import categorical from 'categorical';

import { AppModule } from './app.module';

let cachedServer: Handler;

async operate bootstrap() {
  if (!cachedServer) {
    const expressApp = categorical();
    const nestApp = await NestFactory.create(
      new ExpressAdapter(expressApp),


    await nestApp.init();

    cachedServer = serverlessExpress({ app: expressApp });

  return cachedServer;

const handler = async (occasion: any, context: Context, callback: any) => {
  const server = await bootstrap();
  return server(occasion, context, callback);

module.exports.handler = handler;
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This code will probably be executed by AWS Lambda. It creates a NestJS app and adapts it to the AWS Lambda setting. It additionally ensures that the NestJS app is just created as soon as, enhancing efficiency. ⚑

πŸ—’οΈ Aspect Observe: You possibly can simply setup a single primary.ts entry level by leveraging env variables to infer the execution context: Lambda or native

Now, we have to bundle this TypeScript code right into a single file…πŸ€“

Packing it Up with Webpack πŸ“¦πŸ§™β€β™‚οΈ

There are a number of methods to bundle a NestJS app for AWS Lambda. You possibly can use Lambda Layers, however this isn’t probably the most environment friendly strategy. As an alternative, we’ll use Webpack to bundle our NestJS app right into a single file, which we’ll then deploy with AWS CDK.

Let’s begin by creating a brand new webpack.config.js file in our API bundle. This file will outline our Webpack configuration.

module.exports = operate (choices, webpack) {
  return {
    entry: ['./src/lambda.ts'],
    externals: [],
    output: {
      libraryTarget: 'commonjs2',
    plugins: [
      new webpack.IgnorePlugin({
        checkResource(resource) {
          // Ignoring non-essential modules for Lambda deployment
          return lazyImports.includes(resource);
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This configuration bundles our Lambda entry file (lambda.ts) and its dependencies, making a lean and environment friendly bundle for AWS Lambda!

Make sure that to create a build-lambda script in your bundle.json file!

  "scripts": {
    "build-lambda": "nest construct --webpack --webpackPath webpack.config.js"
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Deploying the NestJS App: To the Cloud! ☁️

Your NestJS app is now a compact bundle, because of Webpack. Deploying? It is so simple as:

  • Construct: Run npm run build-lambda in your API bundle.
  • Deploy: In your infrastructure bundle, execute cdk deploy.

And like that, your NestJS app ascends to AWS Lambda, primed for motion. πŸ’«

Your Excessive-Efficiency NestJS App now lives on AWS πŸš€

Congratulations! You’ve got unlocked the technique for a potent, scalable, and environment friendly NestJS app on AWS Lambda, all packaged neatly with Webpack and AWS CDK. πŸ‘πŸ‘

Please be at liberty to remark if something was unclear or in the event you discovered a greater strategy to obtain this consequence! πŸ’¬

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