Best Mobile App Testing Framework for Android and iOS Applications

Cellular app testing framework helps automate the testing of your native apps. It reduces check execution time and identifies bugs earlier than the app goes stay. As soon as a cell utility is developed, it’s moved forward to the testing part, the place it’s determined whether or not the applying is match to be delivered to the folks or wants extra work.


In 2021, about 88% of cell time is spent on cell apps. Cellular functions have change into a necessity to carry out day-to-day work. The Play Retailer and App Retailer are crammed with completely different apps that aid you clear up the identical use case. The competitors is extraordinarily excessive. Due to this fact, it falls on the app testers and creators to make sure that they’re forward of their rivals. Mobile app testing frameworks aid you deploy quicker and assess the standard of the applying.

Totally different cell app testing frameworks supply completely different options and will confuse the app tester in selecting the most effective one in keeping with the scenario. To resolve this, now we have crafted this submit that brings out all of the cell app testing frameworks, standard options, and different related info.

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Forms of Cellular App Testing Frameworks

Cellular app testing frameworks are available three strict divisions:

  • Strictly Android testing framework.

  • Strictly iOS testing Automation framework.

  • Cross platform testing framework (for each Android and iOS).

We’ve divided this submit into three sections and organized all of the cell app testing frameworks accordingly.

Android Take a look at Automation Frameworks

The next part highlights the preferred cell app testing frameworks obtainable just for Android functions.

On this weblog, we are going to focus on among the greatest Android test automation frameworks, similar to Espresso, Selendroid, Robotium, and MonkeyRunner.


“Use Espresso to write down concise, lovely and dependable Android UI checks” — Google.

Espresso is a Google-made Android testing framework and has been a preferred selection attributable to its excessive efficiency. Espresso believes in creating quite simple and easy checks with out worrying concerning the utility’s infrastructure. Moreover, it’s open-source, which supplies the builders the facility to customise the framework. In response to analysis by the College of Oulu, this can be very quick and has the least check execution time and fallibility.


Key Options of Espresso

  • Google promotes Espresso as a quick-to-learn Android testing framework.

  • Espresso is relatively quicker in check execution.

  • Espresso is a extremely secure Android check automation framework as it will possibly detect when the primary thread is idle and run the UI checks at an applicable time to stop load on the system.

  • In case you are utilizing Android Studio to develop Android functions, Espresso might be your best option for you as it’s straightforward and fast to combine.

  • Espresso is predicated on JUnit, a very fashionable testing language. Due to this fact, app testers can shortly choose the APIs when choosing this framework.


“Take a look at automation for native or hybrid Android apps and the cell internet with Selendroid.” — Selendroid

Selendroid is an Android check automation framework based mostly on Selenium. Selendroid makes use of Selenium 2.0 for writing check scripts for Android apps. Presently, Selendroid is just an Android check automation framework, though they plan to increase it to iOS functions quickly. Selendroid recommends utilizing the iOS driver with the Webdriver for testing the iOS functions, which is only a workaround.

Key Options of Selendroid

  • Selendroid can be utilized with Android emulator on-line, actual gadgets, and Selenium Grid.

  • Selendroid makes use of Selenium which is vastly standard amongst app testers, and so they can begin straight away with the Android check automation framework with out investing time in studying.

  • Selendroid comes with superior consumer interplay assist APIs for quicker testing. These could embody human interplay similar to swipe and drag and drop.

  • The Android testing framework comes with the assist of the JSON Wire protocol.

  • Selendroid comes with a sophisticated inspector that may detect the UI parts shortly.


“Robotium makes it straightforward to write down highly effective and strong computerized black-box UI checks for Android functions.” — Robotium.

Robotium is a robust, light-weight, and quick Android check automation framework specializing in varied issues. Robotium provides lots of freedom to the app tester and gives a single answer to a lot of their wants. Presently, Robotium is at its 5.6.3. Because the builders say, that is the most effective model of Robotium so far with elevated efficiency. As well as, the framework brings out the next options.

Key Options of Robotium

  • Robotium is a flexible instrument and can be utilized to check each native and hybrid Android functions.

  • Robotium facilitates black-box testing for Android UI so the app tester doesn’t must know concerning the supply code complexities and might deal with testing.

  • The cell app testing framework can deal with a number of Android actions routinely.

  • Robotium binds the UI elements in run-time, and therefore the ensuing check circumstances are strong.

  • Robotium is quick (particularly the most recent 5.6.3. model), secure, and an correct Android testing framework.

  • The framework additionally simplifies the CI course of by offering easy integrations with Maven, Ant, and Gradle.


“The MonkeyRunner instrument just isn’t associated to the UI/Software Exerciser Monkey, also referred to as the monkey instrument.” — Google.

The MonkeyRunner cell app testing framework is an Android check automation framework designed to regulate the Android functions exterior the Android code. MonkeyRunner makes use of the Jython language, which implements the Python programming language utilizing Java language. These standard languages make it extraordinarily straightforward for the app testers to develop the checks. The instrument is designed to check the Android based mostly functions on the purposeful or framework degree or for operating the unit checks. Though, the builders of the framework outline the instrument for use in any approach the app testers or the builders need.

Key Options of MonkeyRunner

  • MonkeyRunner might be connected to multiple Android emulator or actual machine concurrently. By means of this single connection, you may run a number of check circumstances (or check suites) on all of them per your program/sequence, and many others.

  • MonkeyRunner can offer you an entire start-to-end check script for an Android utility. The app tester can take a number of output screenshots at any time when he feels by means of the check scripts.

  • The preferred characteristic of MonkeyRunner is its capacity to check a number of screenshots for correctness. The app tester can evaluate the current screenshot (the one taken from the present check run) and the screenshot, which is right.

  • MonkeyRunner cell app testing is a set of API toolkits, and therefore it may be custom-made as much as any degree because the developer desires. Now check with free APK emulator on-line!!!

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iOS Testing Frameworks

The next cell app testing frameworks can be found completely for iOS cell functions.


XCTest is taken into account the first and hottest iOS automation testing framework when you need to check an iOS cell utility. The iOS testing framework makes use of occasion strategies and creates a pleasant setting for the iOS app builders. XCTest makes use of Goal-C and Swift programming languages for testing and is suitable with XCode 5.0+.

Key options of XCTest

  • The XCTest is a robust iOS testing framework and can be utilized for unit checks, efficiency checks, and UI checks.

  • The languages used for writing the check circumstances are much like improvement, and subsequently the builders and app testers can begin testing straight away.

  • XCTest provides good management over steady integration services.

  • XCTest additionally permits the consumer interface recording and enhancement.


“EarlGrey is a local iOS UI automation check framework that lets you write clear, concise checks.” — Earlgrey.

Earlgrey is an open-source iOS testing framework developed by Google and presently operating on its second main model. The thought behind creating Earlgrey was to check their native iOS utility, together with YouTube, Gmail, and many others. Due to this fact, Earlgrey 1.0 was a white-box cell app testing framework, whereas Earlgrey 2 can carry out each white and black-box testing. This offers a major benefit, as described within the options part.

Key Options of Earlgrey

  • Earlgrey survives on its extraordinary synchronization capabilities. The cell app testing framework can routinely synchronize with the UI, community request, and many others. As well as, Earlgrey provides the scope of manually implementing the timings.

  • Earlgrey can be utilized easily with XCode leveraging the functionalities of operating the checks instantly from the XCode.


OCMock has a wealthy characteristic set for a lot of completely different use circumstances. — OCMock

One other open-source cell app testing framework designed for iOS functions is the OCMock. Because the title suggests, OCMock focuses on the testing performed by means of mock objects. OC right here refers back to the Goal-C language. OCMock gives three forms of mocks — partial, dynamic, and stubs. The main points of utilizing every of them might be discovered on the official web page of OCMock.

Key Options of OCMock

  • OCMock is an iOS check automation framework that gives deep and detailed documentation with many examples for the testers.

  • The framework makes use of Goal-C language, which is utilized in iOS improvement additionally. Due to this fact, it turns into very straightforward to be taught and create suites in OCMock.

  • OCMock is open-source and, subsequently, is free to make use of, is actively developed, and has established a really energetic neighborhood.

  • The most recent model of OCMock (OCMock 3.0) has included fashionable syntax that makes use of macros. This advantages from separating technique calls and mock setup and gives a greater error reporting mechanism.


“The magic of KIF is that it lets you drive your UI out of your unit checks and reap all the benefits of testing in-process.” — KIF.

KIF is an iOS check automation framework used for testing iOS cell functions. The framework builds the checks utilizing the XCTest targets, and subsequently it turns into simpler for folks already accustomed to XCTest to create on the spot checks. Since KIF is used for UI testing, app testers and builders typically add it to the consumer interface testing goal. Nonetheless, the official documentation advises builders and app testers not to do this as KIF works from the unit check goal and must be added to it solely.

Key Options of KIF

  • KIF makes use of Goal-C language similar to OCMock, and the benefit of studying is effectively appreciated.

  • KIF cell app testing framework might be built-in instantly in XCode, and there’s no want to put in any further libraries, and many others.

  • The framework makes use of faucet occasions for testing, much like a consumer’s motion giving this framework an extra profit over others.


“We consider the one strategy to sort out flakiness head-on is by shifting from black-box testing to grey field testing. That’s the place Detox comes into play.” — Detox.

Detox is an iOS check automation framework for end-to-end testing. They deal with eliminating flakiness, a serious subject in cell app testing frameworks.

Key Options of Detox

  • Detox writes check circumstances in JavaScript, which is a particularly standard language amongst builders throughout the globe.

  • Detox checks the cell utility after operating it on the simulator/emulator, which resembles an actual user-like testing conduct.

  • The framework brings superior monitoring strategies into the setting.

  • Detox can run end-to-end checks integrating with CI instruments similar to Travis very easily.

  • Detox is open-source, and therefore the neighborhood could be very energetic.

  • The framework is check runner impartial till you’re utilizing JavaScript check runners.

Frameworks for iOS And Android


Calabash is an open-source cell app testing framework obtainable at no cost to check your cell utility operating on both Android or iOS. Calabash makes use of Ruby language to execute the checks, though you may simply accomplish that utilizing Cucumber with none coding data in case you are constructing customized steps. Customized steps, nevertheless, require the extension of the Ruby APIs which are obtainable on its documentation.

Key Options of Calabash

  • Calabash helps each actual gadgets and emulators to execute automated check circumstances.

  • The framework is extremely appreciated for being one of the vital secure cell app testing frameworks.

  • Calabash might be simply built-in with steady integration instruments similar to Jenkins.

  • The framework makes use of behavior-driven improvement and doesn’t ask for coding languages from the app tester.


“Appium is constructed on the concept testing native apps shouldn’t require together with an SDK or recompiling your app.” — Appium

*Appium website*

In case you are within the testing subject, there’s a excessive probability you may have already heard of Appium. Appium has been in check automation for the final 8.5 years, and its recognition has solely elevated since.

This cell app testing framework is extremely versatile and formally states that it goals to automate any cell app in any language in any framework. Due to this fact, it is among the most really helpful frameworks by app testers.


Key Options of Appium

  • Appium helps nearly each programming language and each framework. So the app tester needn’t be taught a brand new framework or language and might begin testing straight away.

  • Appium cell app testing framework facilitates reusability of the code by utilizing the identical APIs for a number of platforms.

  • The framework has a particularly giant and energetic neighborhood that may aid you with each drawback very quickly.

  • Appium works with actual gadgets, emulators and simulators as effectively.

  • Appium doesn’t allow you to compile the applying within the Appium setting due to the problems it creates in a while after delivery in a distinct setting. Therefore, Appium runs its check on the identical improvement framework and language to provide confidence across the utility improvement.

  • The framework might be built-in with CI/CD instruments very simply.

Run your free mobile tests on Appium grid.

*LambdaTest automation screen*

LambdaTest is a cloud based mostly cell app testing platform. LambdaTest gives a dependable, scalable, safe Appium check execution cloud that helps app testers speed up their launch cycles. You’ll be able to check utilizing emulators, simulators, and actual machine cloud. As well as, you may entry any machine you want instantly out of your desktop browser. Up your recreation with free Android automation testing through Appium.


“A Boatload of Capabilities with Surprisingly Few Obstacles” — LambdaTest consumer

Right here’s a brief glimpse of LambdaTest cell app testing options:

Key Options of LambdaTest

  • LambdaTest is a cloud based mostly cell app testing platform, and subsequently the testers can carry out the testing from wherever they need.

  • The platform gives distinctive options similar to geo-location testing, localization testing, app test automation and many others., that aren’t obtainable on many different platforms.

  • LambdaTest gives lots of integrations for the app testers to boost the platform’s performance and supply a one-stop answer to app testers.

  • The platform is straightforward to be taught and is quicker to launch the functions on their digital testing platform and actual machine cloud.

  • Run checks in parallel on Appium cell machine cloud at scale. Run checks at scale throughout a number of gadgets at a time and scale back your general check execution time by greater than 10X.

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What’s your favourite instrument?

Cellular app testing frameworks are on the rise immediately attributable to their software program improvement and supply wants. Whereas there are a lot of extra cell app testing frameworks, we targeted on the highest 4 in every class and gave insights about them. However a framework is sweet so long as folks like us choose it in our day-to-day testing situations. Tell us your private favourite cell app testing framework and the explanation you favor them above all else. Please point out your solutions and recommendations within the remark part beneath.

I hope this submit helps you resolve your cell app testing framework in case you are new in testing or helps you recalibrate your current decisions. Until then, completely satisfied cell testing!

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