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My dream is about solving global warming with fusion and AI


My dream is about fixing world warming with fusion and AI.

Everyone knows that matter consists of atoms, and an atom consists of atomic nuclei and electrons orbiting it. Atomic nuclei should not very pleasant: electrostatic forces push them aside. Nonetheless, if they’re shut sufficient for lengthy sufficient, if the nuclear pressure is larger than electrostatic, they fuse into heavier nuclei. For a lot of parts, the response is accompanied by power launch, for instance, hydrogen. Our solar consists primarily of hydrogen and its fusion product – helium. As you would possibly guess, it has two protons in distinction to at least one proton in hydrogen. Hydrogen fusion within the solar releases all of the power required to allow evolution on our planet. However why cannot we reproduce the identical on Earth? Why cannot we gentle up mini-starts in fusion reactors and devour infinite power? Hydrogen, in any case, is essentially the most considerable ingredient within the universe. We strive, we strive laborious.

Suppose one desires to surpass electrostatic pressure and make hydrogen nuclei fuse. In that case, one has two decisions: carry large quantity to at least one place (learn: Solar) or “pump up” loads of power right into a restricted quantity (learn: fusion reactor). Small reactor – greater the temperature ought to be. “Plasma” is what physicists name pumped up with power hydrogen. Extra energy: hotter and denser plasma turns into. The temperature is so excessive that no such materials can withhold it. Therefore the one technique to maintain is a robust magnetic discipline. However steering a fusion plasma towards stability is a sophisticated downside. If we will do it in real-time with excessive precision, we will crack super-high temperature fusion in a restricted quantity. Easy strategies do not work. A human operator can be not able to this due to the human’s response time. However what about an AI? DeepMind tried, and their consequence seems very promising: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-021-04301-9.

The thought of DeepMind’s analysis and proof-of-concept is that there isn’t any have to simulate and assist a selected configuration of the plasma fastidiously. The AI can steer it exactly sufficient and react to ever-changing states. The hope is that they may have the ability to maintain plasma within the desired configuration for so long as wanted and slowly extract the power we would like.

I dream of AI controlling a whole lot if not hundreds of small fusion reactors. They produce a lot power that we do not burn coal, fuel, or oil to get the facility we so desperately want. Do you need to see such a world too?

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